People get infected with guinea worm, when they drink standing water containing a minute water flea that is infected with the larvae of the Guinea worm. The person, who is infected, develops a high fever and has swelling and pain, where the worm is present in the body.
A blister develops and then expands to a wound. When the wound is absorbed in water, the worm begins to emerge. Worms can appear anywhere on the body, but mostly they appear on the hands and legs. When the worm comes out, the wound often becomes painful and difficult to bear.
This disease is caused by Dracunculus medinensis, a threadlike scrounge worm that grows and matures in people. This parasite grows up to four feet long and are as broad as a paper clip wire. After six months, the worm comes out through a painful swelling in the skin which causes long-term suffering.
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